Cluster Peering


The Cluster Peering feature is deprecated.

Performance Challenges

Today, encrypted peering (IPsec tunnel) between two VPC/VNets is carried out by two gateways (virtual machine, or instance based), one in each VPC/VNet. This limits IPsec Stashed changes tunnel packet throughput to the throughput of a single instance. For example, AWS C4.4xlarge provides up to 1.5Gbps for an iperf test with TCP. There is no solution for use cases that require more than that throughput with one gateway instance.

Each Cloud Service Provider (CSP) has its own performance limitations. For example, in AWS infrastructure, traffic leaving a VPC has a bandwidth limit of 5Gbps for one direction and 10Gbps for bi-directional traffic. This limitation applies to both intra-region VPC traffic and Internet bound traffic.

For example, running an iperf test between two instances in two VPCs in the same region yields 5Gbps one way throughput and 10Gbps bi-directional traffic.

Encrypted Cluster Peering Solution

Aviatrix has developed a scale out IPsec capability. A VPC/VNet can deploy a cluster of gateways. Encrypted peering between two VPC/VNets is carried out by two clusters of gateways in each VPC/VNet. The deployment diagram is shown below.

Aviatrix supports both inter-region cluster peering and intra-region cluster peering. In the first case, the encrypted cluster peering is over the Internet through an IGW. In the second case, the encrypted cluster peering is over native AWS peering.

The deployment diagrams are described below for both cases in AWS.



In this AWS example, three Aviatrix Gateways are deployed for encrypted peering between VPC-1 and VPC-2. A demux gateway is used to distribute user instance session traffic to 3 gateways. The distribution algorithm guarantees no packet for the same TCP stream is delivered out of order to the peering VPC.

Performance Benchmark and Analysis (AWS)

Below is the performance benchmark for cluster peering using the iperf tool in AWS. The results are collected with encryption over AWS peering in the same region. The Aviatrix Gateway size is C4.8xlarge. The demux gateway size is C4.8xlarge.

As the results show, with 4 or 5 gateways in a cluster, performance reaches the AWS VPC line rate. Adding more gateways does not improve the performance.

Note that if the gateway size is C4.xlarge, more gateways are needed to achieve the AWS line rate.

For information on how to run multi-stream iperf tests, check out our GitHub project.


High Availability

CSP Controllers monitor the health of the peering gateways and the demux gateway. When heartbeat information from any gateway fails, the Controller will restart the failing gateways. The detection to failover is under 30 seconds.

Configuration Workflow for AWS

Before you start, make sure you have the latest software by checking the Dashboard. If an alert message (New !) appears, click New! to download the latest software.

For AWS peerings, we assume you already know how to deploy the Aviatrix solution in AWS. If you need help, check out this reference design.

The Cluster Peering workflow for AWS is as follows, with major steps highlighted.

  1. In your Controller, create a gateway in VPC-1. Go to Gateway > New Gateway to create a gateway in VPC-1.

  2. Repeat the previous step to create two more gateways in VPC-1. Note that all gateway instances must be in the same subnet.

  3. Create a cluster in VPC-1. Go to Peering > Cluster Encrypted Peering > + New Cluster. Make sure you highlight and select all three gateways at the Highlight and Select Gateways field.

  4. Repeat the three steps above for VPC-2.

  5. Create a Cluster Encrypted Peering. Go to Peering > Cluster Encrypted Peering > Cluster Peering >

    +New Peering and enter the two clusters you created in the previous steps.

    Special Notes. For AWS Gateways, select Over AWS Peering if the two VPCs are in the same region. Note that when this option is selected, you must have AWS peering routing PCX programmed in the routing table only for the subnet where cluster gateway instances are deployed. You must NOT program PCX for routing tables whose associated subnets are where your application EC2 instances are deployed.

  1. Once peering configuration is completed, you can view it in dashboard. Cluster peering is drawn with a thicker green line.

  2. Note if that you wish to add more gateways once a cluster peering has been created, you need to unpeer the cluster peering first. Add more gateways in each VPC, then create cluster peering again.

  3. You can create multiple clusters in a VPC. A gateway may also belong to different clusters.

For support, please open a support ticket at Aviatrix Support Portal.