Connect Networks With Overlap CIDRs

The Scenario

This tech note illustrates an example solution to a specific use case. In this use case, a customer needs to connect certain on-prem hosts to certain virtual machine (EC2/GCE) instances in a VPC/VNet over an IPsec tunnel over the Internet, but the on-prem network range overlaps with the VPC/VNet CIDR range, and the requirement from the customer is that no NAT function will be performed on the customer side. In addition, traffic can be initiated from either side.

Note that this solution works for specific hosts and virtual machine instances on each side.

The scenario is described in the following diagram, where VPC/VNet-2 represents an on-prem environment.


VPC/VNet-1 CIDR =, instance-1 in VPC/VNet-1 has an IP address
VPC/VNet-2 CIDR =, instance-2 in VPC/VNet-2 has an IP address

The Solution

The solution is to build a Site2Cloud IPsec tunnel between VPC/VNet-1 and VPC/VNet-2 and apply both source NAT (SNAT) and destination NAT (DNAT) on VPC/VNet-1 gateway. The packet flow is demonstrated as below:

  1. instance-1 sends a packet to instance-2 with a virtual destination IP address, for example From instance-1’s point of view, the destination instance is a virtual address -

  2. When the packet arrives at the VPC/VNet-1 gateway, the gateway does DNAT on the packet to translate the virtual destination IP address to which is the instance-2 physical IP address.

  3. The gateway at VPC/VNet-1 then translates the packet source IP address ( to a virtual source IP address, say it is

  4. The packet then arrives at VPC/VNet-2 with destination IP address and source IP address From instance-2’s point of view, instance-1’s address is a virtual IP address -

  5. When instance-2 sends a packet to instance-1, the destination is the virtual IP address

  6. When the packet arrives at the VPC/VNet-1 gateway over the IPsec tunnel, the VPC/VNet-1 gateway translates its destination IP address from virtual address to

  7. The VPC/VNet-1 gateway then translates the source IP address of the packet from to virtual address

The Configuration Steps

Following the Site2Cloud Workflow to Launch Gateways

Log in to your Aviatrix Controller and select Site2Cloud on the left sidebar. Follow step 1 to launch a gateway in the VPC/VNet-1.

(You can follow the gateway launch instructions in this. Leave optional parameters unchecked.)

For the above example, we also launch a gateway in VPC/VNet-2 to emulate an on-prem environment.

Creating a Site2Cloud Tunnel

Go to Controller > Site2Cloud.

Click +Add New. Fill the form and click OK. Select Unmapped for the Connection Type field.

VPC/VNet-1 gateway-1 side

For the VPC/VNet-1 gateway side, the Local Subnet field should be, and the Remote Subnet field should be, as shown below.


VPC/VNet-2 gateway-2 side

On the VPC/VNet gateway-2 side, the IPsec is a standard configuration.

For the VPC/VNet-2 gateway side, the Local Subnet field should be, and the Remote Subnet field should be, as shown below.


Wait for the tunnel to come up.

Normally you’ll need to download the configuration, but in this example, since both ends of the network are on the VPC/VNet, you can simply configure each Site2Cloud tunnel. Make sure the pre-shared Keys are the same for both ends. In the above example, we used “Aviatrix101#” as our pre-shared key.

Configuring DNAT on Gateway-1

This step is to configures the gateway to translate the destination IP address to the real private IP address, before routing happens.

At the main navigation bar, click Gateway. Highlight the gateway, in this case, the VPC/VNet-1 gateway, and click Edit.

Scroll down to Destination NAT. Follow the instructions here to configure, as shown below.


Configuring SNAT on Gateway-1

This step is to translate the packet source IP address after routing happens. In this example, the address is translated from to for packets going from on-prem (VPC/VNet-2) to VPC/VNet-1, and to for packets going from VPC/VNet-1 to on-prem (VPC/VNet-2).

For the same VPC/VNet-1 gateway, configure SNAT as shown below. Notice we entered “Dst CIDR” as qualifier to reduce the scope of the rule as a good practice. The reason that the address is is that the destination has already been translated after the DNAT rule before routing happens.


Testing Site2Cloud Connection

Make sure your instance’s Security Groups inbound rules are configured properly.

From instance-1, you should be able to ping instance-2 by “ping”. From instance-2, you should be able to ping instance-1 by “ping”